1. EuP-Directive (= 2005/32/EC - passed on July 6, 2005): Requirements for eco-friendly design of energy-using products (EuP = Energy using Products) - also known as eco-design directive
2. ErP-Directive (= 2009/125/EC – replaced the EuP-Directive, in effect since Oct 21, 2009):
Requirements for eco-friendly design of energy-related products (ErP = Energy related Products)
Detailed information about the ErP directive can be found here:
www.ebpg.bam.de/de/richtlinie/index.htm (in German)
3. Regulation 640/2009 (regulation for motors, in effect since July 22, 2009):
Requirements for eco-friendly design of electric motors and the use of electronic speed control. They also apply when the motors are installed in other products (e.g. machines).
4. Regulation 4/2014 amends regulation 640/2009; became effective on July 27, 2014.
Amendment of the regulation affects altitude and temperatures.
Directives that are edited by the EU represent a legal basis and have to be transposed into national law by the Member States. No specific technical obligations are given by the directives.
Specific obligations for the affected user groups (see below) only arise with the passing of implementation measures for a specific product group (e.g. electric motors).
The implementation measure for electric motors is regulation (EC) 640/2009, amended by regulation (EU) 4/2014, that became effective on June 16, 2011 and regulates minimum energy efficiencies.
The above EuP (=2005/32/EC) directive has been translated into German law with the Energy-using Products Act (Energiebetriebene-Produkte-Gesetz, EBPG) (effective since March 7, 2008).
The replacement of EuP by ErP required an adaptation of the EBPG. It was replaced by the Ecodesign Requirements for energy-related Products Act (Energieverbrauchs-relevante-Produkte-Gesetz, EVPG) (effective since November 25, 2011).
The Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology (BMWi) is responsible for the implementation of the law.
At the federal level, the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) coordinates the translation of the European directive (2009/125/EC) into German law between the EU Commission, the German government and affected manufacturers and associations.
If a manufacturer is proven to have violated the ErP directive, the manufacturer will have to fulfill requirements set by the authorities, ranging from correcting the violation (e.g. replacement of affected motors) to a paying a fine. All arising costs (e.g. technical inspection of motors, motor replacement) must be paid by the affected manufacturer.
The investigation and punishment of violations are subject to a margin of discretion of the responsible supervisory body, which can vary throughout the EU.
All investigated and punished violations are to be documented and published on the ICSMS platform for the entire EU in the future.
Yes, the regulation permits several exceptions, e.g.:
Yes, the regulation permits several exceptions, e.g.:
No, operation with an inverter is not a sufficient reason for the drive to be exempt from stage 1 of the regulation. When the drive is labeled for mains operation, it must meet the regulation requirements. If no other exception can be claimed, it is not allowed to market motors type DRS..
Yes, operation of motor type DRE.. with an inverter is an exemption of regulation (EC) No 640/2009. The drive has to be labeled as “VSD use only”. The order processing has been adapted with regards to step 2 of CR 640/2009 to handle this option.
No, the gearmotor is not exempt in Europe. Gearmotors must also comply with the requirements of the regulation. The only exception are motors that are completely integrated in a machine. The efficiency of such motors cannot be measured without the machine, e.g. a pump in which the stator of the motor is integrated in the pump housing.
In a gearmotor, the motor is mounted to the gear unit, which means it can be measured separately and is thus affected by the regulation.
Yes, motor types DRS../DRE.. (>7,5 kW without VSD-label) can be sold to customers if this motor is intended for export outside the EU. This must also be observed by the end customer.
SEW does not need any written documents from the customer; an oral statement is sufficient. These motors type DRS.. have no CE label on their nameplate. As a result, they may not be used in the EU or be re-imported to the EU. The delivery to a customer who exports the products is not considered an initial distribution in the sense of the ErP directive.
SEW will point out this non-usability within EU-Europe also in the quotation and in the order confirmation.
It was permitted to market motor type DRE.. until December 31, 2014. Since January 1, 2015 restrictions according to clause “What is the time schedule for implementing regulations 640/2009 and 4/2014?” are effective.
SEW may repair drives with motor types DT/DV/DRS.. or DRE.. and deliver these repaired drives back to the customer also after June 16, 2011/ January 1, 2015. The extent of the repairs is not specified.
Replacement drives will be considered as a new deal and have to comply with regulation 640/2009.
Since January 1, 2015 restrictions according to clause “What is the time schedule for implementing regulations 640/2009 and 4/2014?” have to be considered.
Yes, if the initial distribution (delivery) of the drive by SEW-EURODRIVE was made before the particular effective date. The date on the delivery note is decisive. Our customers can install such a drive in their plants, deliver it and start it up whenever and in whatever way they want.
Even the resale of the drive is not affected by the date.
The EU Commission is following a suggestion of the Italian representative and assuming that a brakemotor is used in start/stop operation.
This repeated starting of a brakemotor consumes more energy than could be saved during the operation of an energy-efficient motor.
The regulation states that motors in continuous duty are affected. This is no technical description. This is interpreted according to IEC 60034-1 as follows:
This S3 cyclic duration factor is stated in the standard with an example duration of 10 min. This basically means that the motor must not reach its steady-state temperature during the first cycle, but only after it has been started and stopped several times with breaks in between. AC motors virtually reach their thermal limit within 2-3 hours. The specification of 2 hours is a rough time frame for the maximum cycle duration of S3. The 80% limit ensures that this is really motor operation with standstill phases.
SEW-EURODRIVE offers the motor type DRS.. for duty type S3 / 75%. These motors are not affected by the regulation. The sales price of the motor type DRS.. S3 are usually higher than those of corresponding S1 motor type DRE..